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 East Germany

Soviet Union &          Warsaw Pact

West Germany &          Other Countries

Seppi
Koenig Seppi

Gowen Militaria
1404 Ragsdale Road
Greenville, NC 27858
ph: 252-830-5353
fax: 252-830-0122

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Militia and Para-Military Organizations



CIVIL DEFENSE: ZIVILVERTEIDIGUNG

Mission: to support the military in times of war with rear area services and other activities as required, and in peacetime to protect the security and Communist identity of the DDR.
Organization: 3,000 NVA officers and NCOs made up the core of this organization, overseeing the training of several hundred thousand members. Beginning in 1981, Civil Defense training was mandatory for all males ages 16 to 65, and females 16 to 60. Training took place sporatically during the year; in war, Civil Defense units were subject to mobilization.
Uniforms: Permanent cadre of officers and NCOs wore standard white-piped NVA stone-grey tunics. All other troops, including volunteers, wore two-piece, olive drab colored, fatigue-style uniforms with Civil Defense unit patch on the left sleeve, and cloth rank patch on right sleeve. Color of rank insignia: violet.

COMBAT GROUPS OF THE WORKING CLASS (also known as
WORKERS' FACTORY MILITIA): KAMPFGRUPPEN

Mission: to serve as the military arm of the East German Communist Party as well as the symbol of working class control of the country ("dictatorship of the proletariat").
Organization (founded 1953): Nationwide network of factory and neighborhood militia units, with membership (1987) in excess of 500,000, serving as an additional means for the Party to control activities in the workplace and to safeguard the loyalty of the regular armed forces. Weekly and monthly training exercises: compulsory 136 hours training annually.
Uniforms: All troops wore two-piece, olive drab colored, fatigue-style uniforms, with Kampfgruppen unit patch on left sleeve, and rank patch on right sleeve. Color of rank insignia: red.

FDJ: FREE GERMAN YOUTH/FREIE DEUTSCHE JUGEND

Mission (founded 1946): to physically and psychologically prepare male and female youth ages 15 to 25 for induction into the armed forces as a prelude to spending the rest of their lives as politically reliable East German citizens.
Organization: Massive network of youth-related athletic, educational and social activities, including the Ernst Thälmann Pioneer program (ages 6 to 14). FDJ activities revolved around a core component stressing military fitness and training. Uniforms: All troops wore two-piece, olive drab colored, fatigue-style uniforms, with FDJ unit patch on left sleeve.

GST: SOCIETY FOR SPORT AND TECHNOLOGY/
GESELLSCHAFT FÜR SPORT UND TECHNIK
Mission (founded 1952): Similar to the FDJ.
Organization: Similar to the FDJ, with more emphasis on military training of youth ages 14 to 25. The FDJ was under the direct administrative control of the Ministry of National Defense. Membership (1983): approximately 480,000 members, with almost 100,000 instructors, many of whom were NVA active personnel and reservists.
Uniforms:Permanent core of officers and higher GST officials wore dark blue-grey NVA-style four-pocket tunics. All other troops wore two-piece, olive drab colored, fatigue-style uniforms, with GST unit patch on left sleeve.
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